Barney, J. B. 'Organizational culture: Can it be a source of sustained competitive
advantage?, Academy of Management Review, 11(3), 1986, pp. 656-665.
Burgelman, R. 'A process model of internal corporate venturing in the diversified
major firms', Administrative Science Quarterly, 28, 1983, pp. 223-244. Burgelman,
R. 'Intraorganizational ecology of strategy making and organizational adaptation:
Theory and ifeld research', Organization Science 2(3), 1991, pp. 239-262. Burns,
T. and G. M. Stalker. The Management of Innovation, Tavistock, London, 1961.
Chakravarthy, B. S. 'Adaptation: A promising meta phor for strategic management',
Academy of Man agement Review, 7(1), 1982, pp. 35-44. Clark, K. The interaction
of design hierarchies and market concepts in technological evolution' Research
Policy, 14, 1985, pp. 235-251. Clark, K. and T. Fujimoto. Product Development
Performance, Harvard Business School Press, Bos ton, MA, 1991. Foster,
R. 'A call for vision in managing technology,' Business Week, May 24, 1982, pp.
24-33. Giddens, A. The Constitution of Society: Outline of the Theory of Structuration.
Polity Press, Cambridge, UK, 1984. Hayes, R. H. 'Strategic planning-forward in reverse?',
Harvard Business Review, November-December 1985, pp. 111-119 (Reprint # 85607).
Hayes, R. H., S. C. Wheelwright and K. B. Clark. Dynamic Manufacturing: Creating the
Learning Organization, Free Press, New York, 1988. Henderson, R. and K. B. Clark.
'Architectural innovation: The reconfiguration of existing product technologies and the
failure of established firms', Administrative Science Quarterly, 35, 1990, pp. 9-30.
Hitt, M. and R. D. Ireland. 'Corporate distinctive competence, strategy, industry
and performance', Strategic Management Journal, 6, 1985, pp. 273-293. Hofer, C.
W. and D. Schendel. Strategy Formulation: Analytical Concepts. West Publishing,
St. Paul, MN, 1978. Huber, G. and D. J. Power. 'Retrospective reports of
strategic-level managers.: Guidelines for increasing their accuracy', Strategic
Management Journal, 6(2), 1985, pp. 171-180. Itami, H. with T. Roehl. Mobilizing
Invisible Assets, Harvard University Press, Cambridge, MA, 1987. Kanter, R. M.
The Change Masters. Simon and Schuster, New York, 1983. Kanter, R. M. 'When
a thousand flowers bloom: Structural, collective and social conditions for
innovation in organizations', Harvard Business School Working Paper #87-018,
1986. Kimberly, J. R. 'The study of organization: Toward a biographical
perspective'. In J. W. Lorsch (ed.), Handbook of Organizational Behavior, PrenticeHall,
Englewood Cliffs, NJ, 1987, pp. 223-237. Leonard-Barton, D. 'Implementation as
mutual adaptation of technology and organization', Research Policy, 17, 1988a, pp. 251-267.
Leonard-Barton, D. 'Implementation characteristics in organizational innovations',
Communication Research, 15 (5), October 1988b, pp. 603-631. Leonard-Barton, D
. 'The factory as a learning laboratory', Harvard Business School Working Paper # 92-023,
1991. Lieberman, M. and D. B. Montgomery. 'First-mover advantages', Strategic
Management Journal, 9, Summer 1988, pp. 41-58. Mintzberg, H. 'Strategy formation:
Schools of thought'. In J. W. Fredrickson (ed.), Perspectives on Strategic Management,
Harper & Row, New York, 1990. Mitchell, W. 'Whether and when? Probability and timing
of incumbents' entry into emerging industrial subfields', Administrative Science
Quarterly, 34, 1989, pp. 208-230. Pavitt, K. 'Key characteristics of the large innovating
ifrm', British Journal of Management, 2, 1991, pp. 41-50. Pettigrew, A. 'On studying
organizational cultures', Administrative Science Quarterly, 24, 1979, pp. 570-581.
Pfeffer, J. Organizations and Organization Theory, Ballinger Publishing, Cambridge,
MA, 1982. Prahalad, C K. and G. Hamel. 'The core competence of the corporation',
Harvard Business Review, 68 (3), 1990, pp. 79-91, (Reprint # 90311). Quinn, J. B.
Strategies for Change: Logical Incrementalism, Richard D. Irwin, Homewood, IL, 1980.
Quinn, R. and K. Cameron. 'Organizational paradox and transformation'. In R. Quinn
and K. Cameron (eds), Paradox and Transformation, Cambridge, MA, Ballinger
Publishing, 1988. Rosenbloom, R. and M. Cusumano. 'Technological pioneering
and competitive advantage: The birth of the VCR industry', California Management
Review, 29(4), 1987, pp. 51-76. Rosenthal, R. and D. Rubin. 'Interpersonal expectancy
effects: The first 345 studies', The Behavioral and Brain Sciences, 3, 1978, pp.
377-415. Rumelt, R. P. Strategy, Structure and Economic Performance, Harvard
Business School Classics, Harvard Business School Press, Boston, MA, 1974 and
1986. Schein, E. 'Coming to a new awareness of organi zational culture', Sloan
Management Review, Winter, 1984, pp. 3-16. Schein, E. Organizational Culture and
Leadership, Jossey-Bass, San Francisco, CA, 1986. Schumpeter, J. Capitalism,
Socialism, and Democracy, Harper, New York, 1942. Senge, P.'The leader's new
work: Building a learning organization', Sloan Management Review, 32 (1), 1990,
pp. 7-23, (Reprint # 3211). Snow, C. C. and L. G. Hrebiniak. 'Strategy, distinctive
competence, and organizational performance', Administrative Science Quarterly,
25, 1980, pp. 317-335. Souder, W. E. Managing New Product Innovations,
Lexington Books, Lexington, MA, 1987. Teece, D. J., G. Pisano and A. Shuen. 'Firm
capabilities, resources and the concept of strategy', Consortium on Competitiveness
and Cooperation Working Paper # 90-9, University of California at Berkeley, Center for
Research in Management, Berkeley, CA, 1990. Tucker, D., J. Singh and A. Meinhard.
'Founding characteristics, imprinting and organizational change'.. In J.V. Singh
(ed.), Organizational Evolution: New Directions, Sage Publications, Newbury Park, CA,
1990. Tushman, M. L. and P. Anderson. 'Technological discontinuities and organizational
environments', Administrative Science Quarterly, 31, 1986, pp. 439-465. Van de
Ven, A. 'Central problems in management of innovations', Management Science,
32 (5), 1986, pp. 590-607. von Hippel, E. 'The impact of 'Sticky Data' on innovation
and problem-solving', Sloan Management School, Working Paper # 3147-90-BPS, 1990.
Weick, K. E. 'Theory construction as disciplined imagination', Academy of
Management Review, 14(4), 1989, pp. 516-531. Business Review, 66(4), 1988, pp.
83-91. Weick, K. E. The Social Psychology of Organizing, Zucker, L. G. The role of
institutionalization in Random House, New York, 1979. cultural persistence', American
Sociological Review, Whitney, D. `Manufacturing by design', Harvard 42, 1977, pp.