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电话回访式护理教育对白血病病人化疗间歇期各项并发症发生率的研究_护理学论文

发布时间:2015-01-13 来源:人大经济论坛
护理学论文范文  论文题目:电话回访式护理教育对白血病病人化疗间歇期各项并发症发生率的研究 摘 要 目 的:研究电话回访式护理教育对白血病病人化疗间歇期各项并发症发生率的影响,为电话回访式护理教育应用于白血病病人化疗间歇期提供理论依据。 方 法: 收集白血病化疗患者的电话号码、住址等信息,随机均分为回访组和对照组;于每次化疗结束出院后开始对患者进行电话回访,根据患者的各自健康状况每次化疗结束后的间歇期对患者进行1-2次健康教育,内容包括日常生活护理、环境与休息护理、饮食护理、心理护理、预防感染的护理、预防出血的护理、贫血的护理及恶心呕吐的护理及其他护理。回访半年后对回访组和对照组患者的感染、发热、出血率及死亡率进行比较分析,t检验分析二者评分有无统计学差异。 结 果: 回访实验组的感染、发热、出血率均低于对照组,两组差异有统计学意义(P<0.05)。回访组的死亡率低于对照组,但两组差异没有统计学意义(P>0.05)。 结 论: 电话回访式护理教育可降低白血病病人化疗间歇期各项并发症的发生率,提高患者的生活质量,应予以推广。 关 键 词:护理教育;电话回访;白血病化疗 论文类型:.应用研究 Title: The Research Of Telephone Interview-health Education On the leukaemia patient chemotherapy complication ABSTRACT Objective:Study of nursing education in return calls leukaemia patient chemotherapy complication of interval, the influence of nursing education for telephone return applied leukaemia patient break chemotherapy provides theory basis. Methods: Collect leukemia patients undergoing chemotherapy phone number, address, etc, were divided randomly information visit group and control group, On each end of chemotherapy after discharge start with telephone, according to the respective health after the end of each period of intermittent chemotherapy in patients with 1-2 times health education, include daily life nursing, environment and the rest care, diet nursing, psychological nursing, preventing infection of nursing, preventing anemia in nursing, hemorrhage of nursing and nausea and vomiting and other nursing care. Return to return after six group and the control group of patients with fever, infection, hemorrhage and mortality comparing analysis, t test scores have both statistically analyzed. Results: Review of infection, fever, bleeding rates are lower than those of the control group, the two groups was statistically significant difference (P < 0.05). Return from the two groups, but the difference was not statistically significant (P > 0.05). Conclusions: Telephone return type of nursing education can reduce leukaemia patient chemotherapy break the incidence of complications, improve the quality of life of the patients should be popularized. KEY WORDS: Health Education, Telephone Interview, Leukemia Chemotherapy TYPE OF THESIS: Applied Research 目 录 1绪论...5 1.1背景及意义………………………………………………………………………….5 1.2 研究目的6 1.3 关键词定义7 1.4 文献回顾8 2 研究设计.10 2.1 研究设计11 2.2 研究对象11 2.3 研究工具/方法11 2.4 研究步骤11 2.5资料分析12 3 实验结果13 3.1 一般资料13 3.2实验组及对照组各项并发症发生率13 4 讨论14 15 5 推论及建议16 6致谢……………………………………………………………………………………… 17 7参考文献18
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