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[其他] Foreword by Ronald Coase(ZT) [推广有奖]

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shuxuhui 发表于 2005-8-20 17:05:00 |显示全部楼层

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Foreword by Ronald Coase

The purpose of a Foreword to a book is to tell the prospective reader what he (or she) will gain by reading it. In the case of this collection of Steven Cheung’s articles, it is both an easy and an enjoyable task. Steven Cheung’s articles make clear what is wrong with so much of current writing on economics and what should be done to put it right. He does this by example, showing through his own work how economics should be done.

Steven Cheung was fortunate that he went to UCLA, where he studied under Armen Alchian and Jack Hirshleifer. His doctoral thesis, The Theory of Share Tenancy, was the work of an assured and original economist. This work was regarded so highly that he was awarded the prestigious Postdoctoral Fellowship in Political Economy at the University of Chicago in 1967, and was appointed assistant professor the following year. The University of Chicago Press published his thesis as a book in 1969. While at Chicago he studied the approaches to economic questions of Milton Friedman, George Stigler, Aaron Director, Harry Johnson, Arnold Harberger, Theodore Schultz, Gale Johnson and others, including me. But Steven Cheung was no mere imitator. He absorbed their ideas and made them part of his own.

The work that he has done since then, much of which is included in this volume, has more than fulfilled the promise of his first work. As always, he has concentrated on understanding why the economic system behaves as it does, rather than taking as his first aim, how the economic system ought to behave and how to bring this about. In his analysis of how the system operates, he uses a keen observation of the facts to support his argument. His writing is detailed, perceptive and illuminates the questions he discusses. He examines many questions in this book, seeing them, in the main, through the lens provided by the concepts of property rights and transaction costs. He demonstrates their usefulness by discussing, among others, price controls, intellectual property rights, the structure of contracts, and, a favorite of mine, the contracting of the service of bees for pollination.

What is particularly interesting is that he uses these same concepts in examining the extraordinarily interesting events which are now under way in China. Included in this volume is a paper Steven Cheung wrote in 1981 (it was published in 1982) with the title, “Will China Go Capitalist?” His answer, which at the time was regarded as wildly improbable, was that it would. Subsequent events, however, have vindicated Cheung’s prediction. As Steven Cheung says, in a later paper, “Whatever the future holds, Deng Xiaoping’s Great Transformation must be regarded as one of the most remarkable chapters in economic history.” I regard what is going on in China as not only remarkable but of the greatest importance. The struggle for China is, in my view, the struggle for the world. The “Great Transformation”, if not interrupted, will have the most profound and beneficial effect on economic thought, not simply in Asia but also in Europe and the Americas. Readers of this book, by following these events with the aid of the concepts of property rights and transaction costs, will better understand what is going on.

I gained immensely from discussions with Steven Cheung some forty years ago. This book will enable the reader to participate in a similar intellectual adventure.

R. H. Coase, August 2005

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关键词:Foreword Ronald Coase Coas word Coase Ronald Foreword

nie 发表于 2005-8-21 21:24:00 |显示全部楼层
我认为,应该注意到,从张五常对分成租佃契约的个案分析到Stiglitz的最优风险分担原理的一般均衡理论的转换,这样才能更深刻地理解张五常的理论以及新制度经济学和新古典经济学的关系。
天下滔滔,我看到象牙塔一座一座倒掉, 不禁为那些被囚禁的普通灵魂感到庆幸, 然而,当我看到, 还有少数几座依然不倒, 不禁对它们肃然起敬, 不知坚守其中的, 是怎样一些灵魂?

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随机漫步 发表于 2005-8-21 22:26:00 |显示全部楼层
序言
  
  罗纳德.科斯
  
  为一本书写序主要是要告诉读者他(她)将会从书中获得什么。就张五常的这本文集来说,作序无疑是一个轻松愉快的工作。张五常的文章清楚地指出了目前许许多多经济学论著中的错误,并且指出了如何才能使经济学的分析更正确。他主要是通过举例告诉读者他自己是如何进行经济学分析这项工作的。
  
  张五常很幸运,他在加州大学洛杉矶分校就读,在那里他从师于阿尔曼.阿尔奇安和杰克. 赫舒拉发。他的博士论文《佃农理论》堪称一个自信的富有独创性的经济学家的作品。这篇论文获得了极高评价,他因此在1967年获得芝加哥大学的政治经济学博士后资格,并在次年获任副教授。芝大出版社在1969年将张的这篇论文单独成书出版。在芝加哥,张研究了米尔顿.弗里德曼,乔治.斯蒂格勒,阿侬.蒂瑞克特,哈里.约翰逊,阿诺德.哈伯格,西奥多.苏尔茨,盖勒.约翰逊,还有鄙人,以及其他一些经济学家关于经济学问题的论述。但张五常并不是一个模仿者。他吸收了他们的观点,并把它们变成自己的一部分。
  
  这本书收集了他从那时起的绝大部分文章,这些文章表明他并没有止步于他扬名立万的那篇论文,从那里他又前进了许多。一如既往,他把精力集中于解释为什么经济体系是按照现在的模式运转,而不是把解释经济体系应该如何运行以及如何使到经济体系如此运行作为他的首要目的。在他关于经济体系如何运转的分析中,他对支持其论点的事实有着敏锐的观察,论述非常详尽和敏锐,对讨论的问题解释得非常清晰。在书中,他运用产权和交易费用的概念解释了许多经济学的问题。他通过对其他经济学问题,包括价格控制,知识产权,合约的结构,以及蜜蜂授粉的合约(这个问题鄙人非常欣赏)的讨论显示了产权和交易费用概念是相当有解释力的。
  
  尤其有意思的是,张运用同样的理论解释了中国当下正在发生的相当令人感兴趣的事件。 在本书中,有一篇张五常写于1981年(发表于1982年)的文章《中国将走向资本主义吗?》。他的结论,中国必将走向资本主义,在当时是令人难以置信的。 然而,接下来的历史发展映证了张的预言。正如张五常在他后来的一篇文章中所说,“无论未来如何发展,邓小平的改革开放将成为经济发展历史上最非凡的篇章之一”。我认为在中国正在发生的变革不仅仅是非凡的,而且是最重要的。 在我看来,中国的奋斗也是为世界的奋斗。中国的改革开放,如果不被中断的话,将对经济学思想产生最深刻和有益的影响,不仅是对亚洲而言,对欧美来说同样是这样。关注中国发生的变革的本书的读者通过产权和交易费用理论的帮助,将会更好的理解正在发生的事情。
  
  40年前,我和张五常进行了很多的讨论,从中我获益良多。相信这本书将使您置身于与我当年相似的智力探险。
  
  罗纳德.H.科斯 2005年8月
  
  
  =====================
  
  注:翻译者为万科论坛网友加西亚
  
  其中网友暮雨和郁郁白马作了一些校对。
  
  郁郁白马校对的地方:
  
  一如既往,他把精力集中于解释为什么经济体系是按照现在的模式运转,而不是把解释经济体系应该如何运行以及如何使到经济体系如此运行作为他的首要目的。
  
  暮雨校对的地方:
  
  张五常的文章清楚地指出了目前许许多多经济学论著中的错误,并且指出了如何才能使经济学的分析更正确。
万物参差多态,乃幸福之本源。

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随机漫步 发表于 2005-8-21 22:27:00 |显示全部楼层
以上为转贴
万物参差多态,乃幸福之本源。

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聂辉华 发表于 2005-8-25 22:46:00 |显示全部楼层
大陆有中译本么?与商务版的《经济解释》差别几何?
Shleifer: Oliver, you look so funny!
Hart: What funny?
Shleifer: Everything!

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随机漫步 发表于 2005-8-27 08:33:00 |显示全部楼层

还没有中译吧,这好象老头好象特意搞的英文选集。

还打算请诺斯和巴泽尔写后记。

英文集也好,顺便可以加强下英语水平,只是没有银子。。

《关于新制度经济学》——经济科学出版的《契约经济学》和商务印书馆出版的《经济解释》都有翻译,但是感觉风格差异好大。。。

[em06]
万物参差多态,乃幸福之本源。

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