请选择 进入手机版 | 继续访问电脑版
7302 32

[学习系统] 武汉大学2009-2010学年第二学期宏观经济学期末考试 [推广有奖]

  • 2关注
  • 6粉丝

硕士生

37%

还不是VIP/贵宾

-

威望
0
论坛币
5472 个
通用积分
8.5900
学术水平
44 点
热心指数
55 点
信用等级
36 点
经验
12478 点
帖子
163
精华
0
在线时间
69 小时
注册时间
2011-10-28
最后登录
2021-5-7

+2 论坛币
k人 参与回答

经管之家送您一份

应届毕业生专属福利!

求职就业群
赵安豆老师微信:zhaoandou666

经管之家联合CDA

送您一个全额奖学金名额~ !

感谢您参与论坛问题回答

经管之家送您两个论坛币!

+2 论坛币
武汉大学2009-2010学年第二学期宏观经济学期末考试
具体内容往下翻先上相关资源
相关资料链接一览~点击直达~
武大过来人教你玩转武大经管期末考试(大三版)https://bbs.pinggu.org/thread-2167442-1-1.html
武大过来人教你玩转武大经管期末考试(大三版)(补充附件)https://bbs.pinggu.org/thread-2167985-1-1.html
武大过来人教你玩转武大经管期末考试(大二版)https://bbs.pinggu.org/thread-2167435-1-1.html
武大过来人教你玩转武大经管期末考试(大一版)https://bbs.pinggu.org/thread-2167407-1-1.html

武汉大学政治经济学(复习资料大杂烩)https://bbs.pinggu.org/thread-2169100-1-1.html
(适用各专业)武汉大学英语慢班期末复习资料https://bbs.pinggu.org/thread-2169090-1-1.html
《管理学》期末复习材料(资料大杂烩)https://bbs.pinggu.org/thread-2169079-1-1.html
武汉大学2010-2011学年第二学期《宏观经济学》期末考试https://bbs.pinggu.org/thread-2167991-1-1.html
武汉大学2009-2010学年第二学期宏观经济学期末考试https://bbs.pinggu.org/thread-2167988-1-1.html
微表情分析法&笔记心理学(文件汇总,资料合集)https://bbs.pinggu.org/thread-2169592-1-1.html

宏观经济学(A卷)
Principles of Macroeconomics (Paper A)

Instructions: You have two hours to complete the test. Full marks are 100 points. Write your answers on the answer sheet. You can answer your questions either in English or Chinese. Read the questions carefully before answering them. Be precise and to the point. Good luck!

1. (10 pointsTrue or False? Explain your answer completely but briefly.
(1) The government expenditures on the Social Security benefit to the elderly and the salary of government employees should be included in the “government purchase” component of the GDP.
(2) The long-run economic growth depends on the quantity of labor force, the stock of physical and human capital, the level of technology, natural resources, fiscal policy and monetary policy.
(3) An economy contains 2000 $1 bills. If people hold equal amounts of currency and demand deposits and banks maintain a reserve ratio of 10 percent, the quantity of money is $11000.
(4) People worry always about the inflation in the long run because it lowers the purchase power of money, so that a fall in purchase power is the important cost of inflation.
(5) The purchasing-power parity theory is one of the most important long-run theories of exchange rate. it is based on the law of one price. The law tells us that a good must sell for the same price in all locations eventually.


2. (10 pointsIn an open economy, suppose GDP is $10 trillion, taxes are $2.5 trillion, private saving is $1.5 trillion, and public saving is $0.5 trillion, net capital outflow is $1.1 trillion. Calculate consumption, government purchase, national saving, investment and net export. (Hint: there is no transfer payment; the balance of payment is always zero)


3. (15 points) Suppose that the residents of a country spend all of their income on A, B, and C. In 2009, they buy 100 pieces of A for $300, 50 pieces of B for $100, and 20 pieces of C for $80. In 2010, they buy 150 pieces of A for $600, 40 pieces of B for $200, and 12 pieces of C for $120.
(1) If the base year is 2009, what is the CPI in both years?
(2) What is the inflation rate in 2010?
(3) If the Fed wants to reduce inflation rate, which tools it can choose to use theoretically? How to use the tools specifically?
(4) Use a graph of the money market to illustrate the effect of monetary policy of (3). Show the resulting change in the interest rate.


4. (10 points) The Bureau of Labor Statistics announced that in May 2009, of all adult Americans, 140,570,000 were employed, 14,511,000 were unemployed, and 80,371,000 were not in the labor force.
(1) What was the labor force, the labor-force participation rate and the unemployment rate?
(2) Between April and May in 2009, total U.S. employment declined by 437,000 workers, but the numbers of unemployed workers increased by 787,000. How are the two numbers consistent with each other? Why?
(3) Whether the unemployment rate may be zero in long run? Why?


5. (10 points) Suppose that this year’s money supply is $500 billion, nominal GDP is $12 trillion, and real GDP is $6 trillion.
(1) What is the price level? What is the velocity of money?
(2) Suppose that velocity is constant and the economy’s total output of goods and services rises by 5 percent each year. What will happen to nominal GDP and the price level next year if the Fed keeps the money supply constant?
(3) What money supply should the Fed set next year of it wants inflation of 3 percent?
(4) What is the fundamental cause of inflation? Does continuing increase in fiscal spending create inflation holding money stock fixed?


6. (15 points) Suppose that U.S. mutual funds decide to invest more in China because of the sub-prime mortgage crisis.
(1) Use three-panel diagram discussed in textbook for an open economy to analyze the impact of the change on China’s economy. What happens to net capital outflow, national saving, and domestic investment in China?
(2) What are the long-run effects on China’s capital stock and economic growth?
(3) What happens to the real exchange rate of RMB to USD?
(4) What are the influences on China’s export, import, net export, and foreign direct investment?


7. (15 points) Suppose the government reduces taxes by $30 billion, that there is no crowding out, and the MPC (marginal propensity to consumer) is 2/5. Answer the following questions.
(1) What is the initial effect of the tax reduction?
(2) What additional effects follow this initial effect? What is the total effect of the tax cut?
(3) How does the total effect of this $30 billion tax cut compare to the total effect of a $30 billion increasing in government purchases? Why?
最后一题回复可见哦

本帖隐藏的内容

8. (15 points)Suppose the extreme weather increases the cost of producing
food products.

(1) Show the impact of such a change in both the AD-AS diagram and in the
Phillips-curve diagram. What happens to inflation and unemployment in the
short-run?

(2) Do the effects of this event mean there is no short-run tradeoff between
inflation and unemployment? Why or why not?

(3) Suppose the Fed pursues expansionary monetary policy to response to the
weather change. Use the Phillips curve to show the short-run and long-run
effects of this policy.





二维码

扫码加我 拉你入群

请注明:姓名-公司-职位

以便审核进群资格,未注明则拒绝

关键词:宏观经济学 期末考试 武汉大学 宏观经济 武汉大 经济学 武汉大学 completely government answering

已有 1 人评分经验 论坛币 学术水平 热心指数 信用等级 收起 理由
xhyanyu + 50 + 10 + 1 + 1 + 1 奖励积极上传好的资料

总评分: 经验 + 50  论坛币 + 10  学术水平 + 1  热心指数 + 1  信用等级 + 1   查看全部评分

weiyuwan 发表于 2013-1-3 19:53:35 |显示全部楼层 |坛友微信交流群
see see

使用道具

提示: 该帖被管理员或版主屏蔽  xhyanyu 禁止发广告 2013-1-3 20:48

使用道具

武汉大学2009-2010学年第二学期宏观经济学期末考试
《宏观经济学》试题参考答案(A卷)
1. (10 points) a. △GDP= $400
b. △NNP=△GDP-△depreciation=$400-$50=$350

c. △NI= △NNP - △sales taxes = $350 - $30 = $320

d. △PI= △NI -△ retained earnings = $320 - $100 = $220

e. △PDI= △PI-△personal income tax = $220 - $70 =$150



2. (10 points) To a macroeconomist, saving occurs when a person’s income exceeds his consumption, while investment occurs when a person or firm purchases new capital, such as a house or business equipment..

a. When your family takes out a mortgage and buys a new house, that is investment, because it is a purchase of new capital.

b. When you use your $200 paycheck to buy stock in AT&T, that is saving, because your income of $200 is not being spent on consumption goods.

c. When your roommate earns $100 and deposits it in her account at a bank, that is saving, because the money is not spent on consumption goods.

d. When you borrow $1,000 from a bank to buy a car to use in your pizza-delivery business, that is investment, because the car is a capital good.



3. (10 points) All factors, that affect AD at a given price level, can be categorized to four groups according to which component of spending is most directly affect: (1)C, such as a tax cut/hike, a stock market boom/decline; (2) I, such as optimism/pessimism about the future, a fall/rise in interest rates due to an increase/decrease in money supply; (3)G, such as greater/smaller spending on defense or highway construction, (4)NX, such as a boom/recession overseas, an exchange-rate depreciation/appreciation.

According to the production factors, the long-run AS may change arising from the following four sources which affect the natural rate of output: (1)K (physical capital or human capital ), such as the increase of the number of machines or that of college degrees;(2)L, such as an increase in immigration from abroad, the change of the natural rate of unemployment due to increasing minimum wage or the unemployment insurance system; (3)N (natural resources), such as a discovery of a new mineral deposit, good weather, a change in the availability of imported resources; (4)A, such as the advance of internet technology, other events that act like changes in technology.

All these variables——K, L, N, A, shift the short-run AS curve too. Another important new variable that affect the short-run AS is the change of expected price level. A decrease in the expected price raises the AS in the short-run.

In the short-run, the continuing increase in money can raise GDP for that there is unexpected price level. However, in the long run, the AS curve is vertical, as people adjust their expected price levels to the actual price level. so the increase of money which raise AD and price level but can not have the economy to grow continuously only by use of expansionary monetary policy.



4. (15 points)

e.



a. If Chinese government decided it no longer wanted to buy U.S. assets, U.S. net capital outflow would increase, increasing the demand for loanable funds, as shown in the following figure. The result is a rise in U.S. interest rates, an increase in the quantity of U.S. saving (because of the higher interest rate), and lower U.S. domestic investment.

b. In the market for foreign exchange, the real exchange rate declines and the balance of trade increases









5. (15 points)

a. When the stock market declines sharply, wealth declines, so the aggregate-demand curve shifts to the left, as shown in Figure 5a below. In the short run, the economy moves from point A to point B, as output declines and the price level declines. In the long run, the short-run aggregate-supply curve shifts to the right to restore equilibrium at point C, with unchanged output and a lower price level compared to point A.













Figure 5a

Figure 5b







b. When the federal government increases spending on national defense, the rise in government purchases shifts the aggregate-demand curve to the right, as shown in Figure 5b above. In the short run, the economy moves from point A to point B, as output and the price level rise. In the long run, the short-run aggregate-supply curve shifts to the left to restore equilibrium at point C, with unchanged output and a higher price level compared to point A.

c. When a technological improvement raises productivity, the long-run and short-run aggregate-supply curves shift to the right, as shown Figure 5c below. The economy moves from point A to point B, as output rises and the price level declines.



Figure 5c

d. When a recession overseas causes foreigners to buy fewer U.S. goods, net exports decline, so the aggregate-demand curve shifts to the left, as shown in Figure 5a above. The effects are similar with that in part a.

e. The continuing increase in reserve ratio causes the decrease of money supply. So, the aggregate-demand curve shifts to the left, as shown in Figure 5a above. The effects are similar with that in part a.

使用道具

谢谢

使用道具

zhengwoo 发表于 2013-1-3 20:05:59 |显示全部楼层 |坛友微信交流群
kan................

使用道具

...........

使用道具

xhyanyu 在职认证  发表于 2013-1-3 20:48:13 |显示全部楼层 |坛友微信交流群
鼓励积极发贴

使用道具

好资料

使用道具

Schummi1 发表于 2013-2-2 02:38:27 |显示全部楼层 |坛友微信交流群
kankan

使用道具

您需要登录后才可以回帖 登录 | 我要注册

本版微信群
加JingGuanBbs
拉您进交流群

京ICP备16021002-2号 京B2-20170662号 京公网安备 11010802022788号 论坛法律顾问:王进律师 知识产权保护声明   免责及隐私声明

GMT+8, 2024-4-15 16:27